Conflict and rivalry have replaced the lofty ideals of the uprising, reports Ghaith Abdul-Ahad from Turkey and inside Syria
For three men in northern Syria, the second civil war started shortly after the first staggered into a quagmire of sectarian violence. The goals of the first war ? freedom, Islam, social equality of some sort ? were replaced by betrayal, defeat and anger towards rival militias, jihadis and foreign powers fighting in Syria.
German Marshall Fund of the United States, November 12, 2013 Diba Nigar Göksel * The EU is confused about how to influence Turkey?s democratization course. When Turkey had a viable EU membership prospect, EU conditionality steered democratization efforts. But Turkey?s EU accession process was stifled due to the Cyprus problem and civilizational compatibility questions, rather