Back in the days ? let?s say 1932 just to pick a moment ? when European politics were really polarized, the spectrum ran from Moscow-faithful communists at one extreme all the way to monarchists and fascists. During the same time, the US political spectrum spanned all the way from Republicans to Democrats, which is to say from what Europeans would call center right liberals to center left liberals. Neither extreme questioned the premises of democracy, neither sought the embrace of the state in a socialist fashion, or even ? on the far left of American politics ? in more than a very moderate quasi-social democratic manner. The answer to Sombart?s classic query, why is there no socialism in America, also served largely as the answer to its necessary pendant: why is there no fascism in America? American politics in the twentieth century was a model of consensus compared to the ideological extremes found across the Atlantic.
In addition, the European Council politically endorsed the integrated guidelines for economic and employment policies (Conclusions point 3, page 3):
The European Union wants to publish information by the end of July on how fit roughly 30 major banks are to deal with crises. The results of the so-called stress tests are meant to bolster confidence in the banks, calm the markets and prevent speculation. A step in the right direction, writes the European press, but far too small.
The spring European Council gave the Commission green light to prepare the thematic programmes of the Europe 2020 strategy for jobs and growth:
Like Phoenix, from the ashes of the Lisbon strategy Europe rises on the wings of the EU 2020 strategy, we are told. The European Council, which in today?s Europe has taken the place of the Delphic oracle, endorsed the following priorities at its spring meeting:
The first round of the presidential elections in Poland finished at 8 PM tonight. You can see profiles of all the candidates, as well as the initial results of a poll, on this Gazeta.pl website [PL]. According to this poll, Bronis?aw Komorowski received an estimated 45.7% of the votes, which puts him only a few percent away from winning the elections in this first round. Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski, the brother of the late president Lech Kaczy?ski, is said to have received 33.2% of the votes. Grzegorz Napieralski, with his 13.2% of the votes, comes in the third place.
This blog post presents the European Commission?s proposed flagship initiative Innovation Union.
In Poland’s presidential elections the government’s candidate Bronis?aw Komorowski attained 41 percent of the vote, falling short of an absolute majority. At 36 percent his Eurocritical challenger Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski still has a chance in the run-off vote on July 4, writes the press, and if elected could pose a threat to the liberal-conservative government.
Olli Rehn, the commissioner for economic and monetary policy, outlined the reform steps the European Union needs, in a speech in Brussels 22 June 2010 (SPEECH/10/329):