from World news: Turkey | guardian.co.uk by Ian Traynor
Tension mounts over military action as Ankara accuses Sarkozy of pursuing French interests over liberation of Libyan people
Turkey has launched a bitter attack on French president Nicolas Sarkozy’s and France’s leadership of the military campaign against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, accusing the French of lacking a conscience in their conduct in the Libyan operations.
from open Democracy News Analysis – by Oliver Scanlan
On Thursday, NATO Secretary ?General Anders Fogh Rasmussen announced that the Atlantic alliance will be taking command and control of the no-fly zone over Libya. The remit for this NATO effort will extend to protecting civilians, enforcing the arms embargo against Libya and supporting humanitarian assistance. Question marks remain over who will take command responsibility for what US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton has called ?the broader civilian protection mission?; essentially a euphemism for the bombing campaign against the Gaddafi regime?s tanks, artillery and other heavy weapons.
The questions about the command mirrored the strategic divisions over how the coalition will end the operation.
Analysis: WikiLeaks injects itself into Maghreb revolution Free African Media From 18 January, four days after Ben Ali fled from Tunisia, the leaks shifted to the Middle East, starting with Turkey, then moving on to France’s involvement in Tunisia. The first cable on Egypt after the first uprisings was published on 28 January
? Climbdown by Sarkozy ends infighting among western allies
? Nato secretary-general contradicts western officials
Western allies and Turkey have secured a deal to put the entire military campaign against Muammar Gaddafi under Nato command by next week, UK and French sources have told the Guardian.
The US, Britain, France and Turkey agreed to put the three-pronged offensive ? a no-fly zone, an arms embargo, and air strikes ? under a Nato command umbrella, in a climbdown by France that accommodates strong Turkish complaints about the scope and control of the campaign.
After a week of disagreement over who would assume control of the U.N.-authorized military intervention in Libya once the U.S. steps into the background, the U.S., France, Britain, and Turkey have agreed on NATO taking over the mission by Monday or Tuesday, AFP reports. NATO has yet to officially announce its new role, as it confers with its 28 members to make sure all are on board.
The fact that everyone is looking for an institution to take responsibility for the intervention in Libya can be seen as proof that the UN Security Council?s 1973 resolution was adopted without real consensus on its implementation or that maybe no one thought the bombardment would be so rigorous.
A wave of comments has been going around regarding Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan?s position on recent developments in Libya. There have been claims that he has not been consistent, has wavered and watched as violence has taken over in Libya. This is not true.
Turkey has a different approach to Libya than do Western powers. The Turkish government wants the halt of attacks staged by Muammar Gaddafi?s forces targeting the Libyan public, but it had concerns from the very beginning about military interventions carried out to save the Libyan public.
Is there a difference between Qaddafi?s hegemony and that of the West, most notably France? Are the protestors in Libya freeing themselves from one sort of hegemony only to head straight into another kind?
Bombing Libya is easy, but after the operation, there needs to be a formation of a new political order, and there needs to be an effective presence pushing Libya towards participating in the international community: This presence is Turkey! In fact, this is a reality that Westerners will perceive more and more clearly as time passes.
In 1989, the wall separating the two halves of Europe suddenly collapsed. Within the space of a few months, a hitherto seemingly immutable order gave way to commotion and impatience. At first, the old countries of Europe were paralyzed with fear of the unknown and anxiety about immigration ? and then they seized with both hands the opportunity that history had offered to them.
WASHINGTON — The dramatic revolts in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya have acted as a catalyst for a broader Arab awakening that has fundamentally shaken the Middle East?s political order, which has been in place since the late 1970s. While it is too early to predict the final outcomes, severala important regional implications are already beginning to emerge.
Facebook is full of cellphone videos, including this one from al-Sanamin, which is north of Dir’aa. As you can see from this very sad video at least ten demonstrators seem to have been killed. Comparable numbers were killed in Dir’aa, according to a variety of reports.
from open Democracy News Analysis – by Jean-Pierre Cassarino and Nathalie Tocci
The uprisings across North Africa and the Middle East have swept away decade-old dictators, but not their regimes. It will take far more than protests to ensure that they are throughly replaced. Here’s how the EU can contribute to this process.
Now that the no-fly zone debate seems to have been settled on the ground in Libya — it clearly halted an impending massacre in Benghazi, and seems to have given embattled residents in Misrata and Zintan a reprieve — if not in the U.S. Congress, discussion is now turning to whether to arm the rebels and give them more explicit political support.