49 years ago elected PM Adnan Menderes was hanged by the Junta…

Actually, the anniversary was yesterday…

Adnan Menderes
Adnan Menderes (Turkish pronunciation: [ad?nan mende??es]? 1899 ? 17 September 1961) was the first democratically elected political leader in Turkish history. He served as prime minister between 1950?1960. He was one of the founders of the Democratic Party (DP) in 1946, the fourth legal opposition party of Turkey. He was hanged by the military junta after the 1960 coup d’état, along with two other cabinet members, Fatin Rüştü Zorlu and Hasan Polatkan. He was the last Turkish political leader to be executed after a military coup and is also one of the three political leaders of the Turkish Republic (along with AtatürkTurgut Özal) to have a mausoleum built in his honour. and

Hasan Rüştü Zorlu

Hasan Polatkan

Now They Need it Once Again

from Mavi Boncuk by M.A.M

Mavi Boncuk The head of Turkey’s largest business lobby on Monday called for an all-new constitution, as the country’s stock markets surged to a record high in the wake of a referendum victory for the government on changes to the existing one.

A Visual Guide to 2010 Referendum

from Mavi Boncuk by M.A.M

ETYEN MAHÇUPYAN – Who won, who lost?

It?s only natural that when talking about the recent results of the referendum, we opine about its winners and its losers. From the perspective of political parties, there is quite a clear picture emerging: The victor in this referendum was the Justice and Development Party (AK Party), which was able to garner ?yes? votes for the referendum much as it did for itself in the last elections.

HÜSEYİN GÜLERCE – A CHP leader visiting Menderes? grave

Republican People?s Party (CHP) leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu said in Brussels: ?Why shouldn?t we consider visiting Menderes? grave? If conditions are appropriate, I, too, may visit it. Menderes was a person who performed great services for his country. He was an honorable person. He was tried by a political court and was hanged.?

Turkish PM seeks cause of coastal vote in charter poll

from Hurriyet Dailynews
The Prime Minister has asked party officials to prepare a report analyzing why people in Turkey’s coastal regions mostly voted ‘no’ in the referendum Sunday.

Israel Worried About Consolidation of “Erdoganism” After Successful Referendum

from Turkish Digest

FATMA DİŞLİ ZIBAK – What to do after the referendum?

Now that Turkey has left behind the Sept. 12 referendum on a 26-article package of reforms prepared by the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) government and approved by 58 percent of the electorate, there is discussion about the steps Turkey should take.

ORHAN KEMAL CENGİZ – On civil dictatorship and politics in Turkey

There is a quite an interesting paradox in Turkey that needs to be analyzed. The more educated people are, the greater and deeper their attachment to the military and civil bureaucratic guardianship in Turkey.

The Communist Party of Turkey | An Anniversary

from Mavi Boncuk by M.A.M

Mavi Boncuk | The Communist Party of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Komünist Partisi, TKP) was a political party in Turkey. The party was founded by Mustafa Suphi[1] at 10 September 1920 in Baku when the “1st and General Congress of Turkish Communists” was attended by 74 delegates from Anatolia, Istanbul and Soviet Union. The Congress elected Mustafa Suphi as Chairman, Ethem Nejat[3] as General Secretary and a Central Committee with seven members. TKP was soon to be banned [4][5]. It worked as a clandestine opposition party throughout the Cold War era, and was persecuted by the various military regimes. In the 1988 the party merged into the United Communist Party of Turkey, in an attempt to gain legal recognition.

YAVUZ BAYDAR – The poverty of opposition — and the media

The result of the referendum was not only a victory for those who voted ?yes? to democratization or for the Justice and Development Party (AKP) leadership, but also for an elderly gentleman whose name has strongly been linked with an endless pursuit for European-style social democracy in Turkey.

BERİL DEDEOĞLU – The referendum and the West

The constitutional referendum?s outcome has demonstrated once again that the population is in favor of the ongoing reform process. It isn?t pointless to view this referendum as a test for the Justice and Development Party (AK Party), which came to power as a result of society?s desire for change and became the standard bearer for this process.

The supporters of change won by MÜMTAZ?ERTÜRKÖNE

Political party leaders do not act only on their own account but also represent broad masses of people. The emerging polemical bickering between individuals is actually a manifestation of our social subconscious.

The AKP?s historic role by Herkül Millas

The Sept. 12 referendum further cemented polarization within society along ?yes? voters and those who opposed the ?yes? vote.

YAŞ victims say military staff freer than ever after referendum
Today’s Zaman
Ergenekon is a clandestine criminal organization accused of working to overthrow the government. Another YAŞ victim, retired Col. Ahmet Alper, said he will

In order to not be afraid

When Erdoğan was elected mayor of İstanbul in 1994, I was very afraid and reacted in a way typical of elistist Turks, thinking that ?İstanbul has fallen.? However, I took a different approach and tried to get to know him and his constituency.

Turkish Opposition in Need of an Update

from NYT > Turkey by By JUDY DEMPSEY
The Islamic-rooted governing party proved its popularity with its victory this week in a referendum on changes to the Constitution, but analysts say the vote was also about the country’s future identity.

Turkey Acts Alone

from Kamil Pasha by Jenny White

The annual ?Transatlantic Trends? survey, conducted by the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the Compagnia di San Paolo in Italy, has come out. For the actual poll and some results regarding Turkey, click here, and then Turkey.


The BDP and the boycott

When Turkey?s East and Southeast is viewed as a whole, it is possible to say that the Peace and Democracy Party?s (BDP) call to boycott the referendum was not taken seriously.

Parliaments, presidents and the endurance of Turkey?s democracy

by istanbulnotes

The rumblings about Turkey potentially moving from its current broadly parliamentary system of governance to a more purely presidential one deserve closer attention than I currently have time to give them. But the effects of different institutional arrangements on the democratisation process have been well researched and I?d like to share this summary from an article entitled ?What Makes Democracies Endure?, which was contributed to the Journal of Democracy by Adam Przeworksi and others in 1996:

FATMA DİŞLİ ZIBAK – Kılıçdaroğlu?s mistakes

Undoubtedly, one of the biggest losers of the referendum held on Sunday for government-sponsored constitutional reforms was Republican People?s Party (CHP) leader Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, who had a clear defeat with the 58 percent national support for the reforms.

EMRE USLU – Analyzing the referendum results

The constitutional referendum on Sunday depicted an interesting picture of Turkish society. In the Southeast, a significant number of Kurds protested the referendum and did not vote.

İBRAHİM ÖZTÜRK – Turkey?s roadmap after the referendum

Today I would like to analyze the post-referendum period, independent of the results themselves.

KERİM BALCI – ?Yes? vote is transformative

The results of the referendum should have a transformative impact on the leadership of all political parties in Turkey. A referendum is not only a decision-making process. It is also a learning process.

LALE KEMAL – Following the referendum

Each clause of the constitutional amendment package, approved in last Sunday?s referendum, is important in furthering Turkish democratic standards. Fifty-eight percent of Turkish voters approved the first comprehensive amendments ever made to the 1982 military-dictated Constitution, and this has encouraged the political authority to start preparations for a brand new civilian constitution, the first since the 1960 military coup.

İBRAHİM KALIN – Post-referendum agenda

Now that the constitutional amendments have passed with 58 percent of the vote what will be next on Turkey?s agenda. While the referendum is a major victory for Turkish democracy and the Erdoğan government, the underlying fault lines of Turkish politics, with its fragile alignments, are still in place and point to a difficult period for consensus building on the country?s key issues.

Turkey?s referendum: a democratic dynamic, Gunes Murat Tezcur

from open Democracy News Analysis – by Gunes Murat Tezcur

Turkey?s constitutional referendum on 12 September 2010 saw a clear majority of voters endorsing a set of amendments proposed by the Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (Justice & Development Party / AKP) government. The reward of this government?s energetic campaign on behalf of the package was a ?yes? vote of 58%, on a 77% turnout.

KLAUS JURGENS – After the referendum: how to avoid a ?Turkey at two speeds?

Last Sunday a solid majority of the Turkish electorate endorsed the government?s efforts towards adopting a more civilian-oriented constitution. While the supporters of the ?yes? camp deservedly celebrate their victory, the ?no? camp should not be left in the political wilderness.

ABDULLAH BOZKURT – PKK and BDP are losing Kurds

If one thing is clear among the lessons that could be drawn from the public referendum held last Sunday over major constitutional changes, the grip of the violent terrorist organization the Kurdistan Workers? Party (PKK) and its uncompromising political wing, the Peace and Democratic Party (BDP), over the free and democratic Kurdish electorate was really loosened.

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