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Turkey and France clash over Libya air campaign

from World news: Turkey | guardian.co.uk by Ian Traynor

Tension mounts over military action as Ankara accuses Sarkozy of pursuing French interests over liberation of Libyan people

Turkey has launched a bitter attack on French president Nicolas Sarkozy’s and France’s leadership of the military campaign against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, accusing the French of lacking a conscience in their conduct in the Libyan operations.

Confusion continues as NATO assumes leadership of Libya no-fly zone, , Oliver Scanlan

from open Democracy News Analysis – by Oliver Scanlan

On Thursday, NATO Secretary ?General Anders Fogh Rasmussen announced that the Atlantic alliance will be taking command and control of the no-fly zone over Libya. The remit for this NATO effort will extend to protecting civilians, enforcing the arms embargo against Libya and supporting humanitarian assistance. Question marks remain over who will take command responsibility for what US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton has called ?the broader civilian protection mission?; essentially a euphemism for the bombing campaign against the Gaddafi regime?s tanks, artillery and other heavy weapons.

 

Encircling Empire: Report #14?Foreign Military Intervention in Libya: A Report on Neo-colonial dependency and humanitarian imperialism

from OPEN ANTHROPOLOGY by Maximilian Forte

Analyses by the Australian CP which places the current Libyan crises in a historical context.

from ORGANIZED RAGE by Mick Hall

How to play into Gadhafi’s hands

by HDN
It is obvious that the rift over Libya has driven a fresh wedge into the already-icy relations between Turkey and France, due to Nicolas Sarkozy?s strong opposition to Ankara?s EU bid.

Allies Split Over Final Goal of Libya Mission

by By STEVEN LEE MYERS and DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
The questions about the command mirrored the strategic divisions over how the coalition will end the operation.

Analysis: WikiLeaks injects itself into Maghreb revolution
Free African Media
From 18 January, four days after Ben Ali fled from Tunisia, the leaks shifted to the Middle East, starting with Turkey, then moving on to France’s involvement in Tunisia. The first cable on Egypt after the first uprisings was published on 28 January

Libya: Nato to control no-fly zone after France gives way to Turkey

by Ian Traynor, Nicholas Watt

? Climbdown by Sarkozy ends infighting among western allies
? Nato secretary-general contradicts western officials

Western allies and Turkey have secured a deal to put the entire military campaign against Muammar Gaddafi under Nato command by next week, UK and French sources have told the Guardian.

The US, Britain, France and Turkey agreed to put the three-pronged offensive ? a no-fly zone, an arms embargo, and air strikes ? under a Nato command umbrella, in a climbdown by France that accommodates strong Turkish complaints about the scope and control of the campaign.

With Turkey on Board, How Will NATO Define Protecting Civilians?

After a week of disagreement over who would assume control of the U.N.-authorized military intervention in Libya once the U.S. steps into the background, the U.S., France, Britain, and Turkey have agreed on NATO taking over the mission by Monday or Tuesday, AFP reports. NATO has yet to officially announce its new role, as it confers with its 28 members to make sure all are on board.

The paintings of Saif al-Qaddafi

from FP Passport by Joshua Keating

2011-03-24 Does Gaddafi Have Chemical Weapons to Use? (What WikiLeaks Cables Reveal)

NATO manages Libyan no-fly zone — why Turkey said ?yes?

by KLAUS JURGENS
Thursday?s unanimous decision by NATO to take responsibility for the no-fly zone over Libya merits both scrutiny and applause.

Ankara’s Libya missteps

by HDN
For region and Turkey?s salvation, it can be only hoped that Libya missteps would give Davutoğlu?s team a good wake up call to seize the future.

NATO on duty

by BERİL DEDEOĞLU
The fact that everyone is looking for an institution to take responsibility for the intervention in Libya can be seen as proof that the UN Security Council?s 1973 resolution was adopted without real consensus on its implementation or that maybe no one thought the bombardment would be so rigorous.

PM Erdoğan and Libya

by İBRAHİM KALIN
A wave of comments has been going around regarding Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan?s position on recent developments in Libya. There have been claims that he has not been consistent, has wavered and watched as violence has taken over in Libya. This is not true.

 

What is Turkey doing about the Libya case?

by İbrahim Kiras
Turkey has a different approach to Libya than do Western powers. The Turkish government wants the halt of attacks staged by Muammar Gaddafi?s forces targeting the Libyan public, but it had concerns from the very beginning about military interventions carried out to save the Libyan public.

Qaddafi and Sarkozy…

by Yasin Doğan
Is there a difference between Qaddafi?s hegemony and that of the West, most notably France? Are the protestors in Libya freeing themselves from one sort of hegemony only to head straight into another kind?

Turkey?s role?

by Taha Akyol
Bombing Libya is easy, but after the operation, there needs to be a formation of a new political order, and there needs to be an effective presence pushing Libya towards participating in the international community: This presence is Turkey! In fact, this is a reality that Westerners will perceive more and more clearly as time passes.

 

Turkey walks gray line in Libya

by ABDULLAH BOZKURT
Turkey is walking down a thin gray line in pursuing a third way to diffuse the conflict between forces loyal to Gaddafi and rebels in Libya from escalating into a major humanitarian crisis.

 

[OPINION] Europe and the Arab Spring

by Jean Pisani-Ferry
In 1989, the wall separating the two halves of Europe suddenly collapsed. Within the space of a few months, a hitherto seemingly immutable order gave way to commotion and impatience. At first, the old countries of Europe were paralyzed with fear of the unknown and anxiety about immigration ? and then they seized with both hands the opportunity that history had offered to them.

[OPINION] The Turkish chimera

by F. Stephen Larrabee
WASHINGTON — The dramatic revolts in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya have acted as a catalyst for a broader Arab awakening that has fundamentally shaken the Middle East?s political order, which has been in place since the late 1970s. While it is too early to predict the final outcomes, severala important regional implications are already beginning to emerge.

 

Libya: Is Khamis Gaddafi Really Dead?

by Amira Al Hussaini

How Activists in the West Can Help the Middle East Communicate Securely

by Christina Warren

Yemen: Crowds Call for Saleh to Step Down in Sanaa

by Amira Al Hussaini

Bahrain: A Friday of Rage Dispersed with Tear Gas

by Amira Al Hussaini

Art challenges Tunisian revolutionaries

from AL JAZEERA ENGLISH (IN DEPTH)
The Artocracy project, featuring photos of ordinary Tunisians, has proven art can be just as provocative as politics.

2011-03-26 Letter to the Editor regarding #Bahrain | ‘Am Sorry but Pictures Speak Better than Words’ [WARNING: VERY GRAPHIC]

De Gaulle moment?

from BBC News | Europe | World Edition
France stands tall after Sarkozy’s Libya push

Canada to lead Libya mission. But who leads Canada?

from FP Passport by Joshua Keating

Sudan allowing overflights for Libya no-fly zone

from FP Passport by Joshua Keating

Reuters reports that the Sudanese government is allowing overflight of its territory to support the internationally-imposed no-fly zone in Libya:

Syria: Demonstrations in the Dir’aa governate of Syria continued March 25, 2011, and with parallel demonstrations in Damascus and several other cities momentum is still building

from From the field by arn

Facebook is full of cellphone videos, including this one from al-Sanamin, which is north of Dir’aa.  As you can see from this very sad video at least ten demonstrators seem to have been killed.  Comparable numbers were killed in Dir’aa, according to a variety of reports.

Man in the News: Nicolas Sarkozy

from FT.com – Analysis
France’s embattled president has pinned a lot on his Libyan adventure

Rethinking Euro-Med policies in the light of the Arab Spring, Jean-Pierre Cassarino and Nathalie Tocci

from open Democracy News Analysis – by Jean-Pierre Cassarino and Nathalie Tocci
The uprisings across North Africa and the Middle East have swept away decade-old dictators, but not their regimes. It will take far more than protests to ensure that they are throughly replaced. Here’s how the EU can contribute to this process.

 

Should the U.S. arm the Libyan rebels?

from FP Passport by Blake Hounshell

Now that the no-fly zone debate seems to have been settled on the ground in Libya — it clearly halted an impending massacre in Benghazi, and seems to have given embattled residents in Misrata and Zintan a reprieve — if not in the U.S. Congress, discussion is now turning to whether to arm the rebels and give them more explicit political support.

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